Ten Reasons You Should Fall In Love With Suffix In Biology – Suffix In Biology
The approved use of -ish is as a suffix acceptation “approximately,” as in bluish, tallish, sixish, or alike hungry-ish. This is the definition—the alone definition—that you’ll acquisition in Merriam-Webster, which addendum that -ish derives from the Old English -isc, of Germanic origin, which in about-face is accompanying to agnate such suffi in Dutch (-isch) and Greek (-iskos).
For centuries now, -ish has been rather abandoned in English, adhering to a advanced array of words and alike phrases. Booty the afterward architectural observation, cited in the Oxford English Dictionary, from an 1894 commodity in The Daily News, a now-defunct London bi-weekly (of which Charles Dickens was briefly the editor!):
Some huge aculation of building, about abundant added Queen Anne-ish than the houses of Queen Anne’s own time.
As a chat by itself—which is to say, not as a suffix—ish agency added or beneath the aforementioned thing: affectionate of, thereabouts, in a way. And apperception how it bankrupt chargeless to become syntactically stand-alone isn’t hard. The chat “hungry-ish,” say—as in, I umption I could eat. I’m hungry-ish.—often comes out added like “hungry [brief pause] ish.” From there it’s a abbreviate bound to:
Are you hungry?Yeah, ish.
But while it’s absolutely accepted for new words to be formed by abacus prefi or suffi (editorialize from editor, anti-nuclear from nuclear), or alike by re-casting a allocation of a chat that hadn’t afore been anion of as an affix (snowmageddon based on armageddon, chocoholic based on alcoholic), it’s awfully aberrant to anatomy a new chat by befitting the suffix and auctioning the rest. But that’s absolutely what ish did, a action that Mr. Verb, a blogger who writes about accent and linguistics, calls degrammaticalization.
In fact, ish is aberant alike amid its aberrant cohorts, such as ism and ology, which both accredit to a accepted chic to which the added specific exemplars belong. In added words, bellicism and communism are kinds of isms. Zoology and ysis are kinds of ologies. But are hungry-ish and tired-ish kinds of ishes? Not exactly.
Instead, as declared by the linguist Stefanie Kuzmack, ish refers aback to a accurate idea, generally in the anatomy of an adjective, that was ahead mentioned. You could echo the idea, but you don’t accept to:
Would you say that cine had a blessed ending? Yeah, ish. [happy-ish]Is anybody excited? I am—ish. [excited-ish]Will the acclimate be nice tomorrow? I ane so, ish. [nice-ish]
And ish doesn’t alike charge to be at the chat that it refers to. For example, in the afterward book ish modifies “hobbies,” not “skating”:
My hobbies accommodate painting, pography, doentary film, and skating(ish). [meaning skating is hobby-ish]
This freestanding ish feels almost new, but is it absolutely new, or alone new-ish?
The ancient commendation in the OED is from a 1986 ysis of So Long on Lonely Street, by the American author Sandra Deer, which John Peter—then arch ball yzer of The Sunday Times in England—called, “… one of those neatly crafted middle-brow plays which, because they accept a abundantly blessed catastrophe (well, ish), ability accomplish bodies ane that they’ve been handed a bendable option. Not at all.”
In the 1990s, ish makes an actualization in several novels by English and Irish-born writers, including Cycle of Violence by Colin Bateman, who employs ish as a single-word acknowledgment to a catechism in a bit of dialogue:
‘Davie Morrow. Trust Davie Morrow.”You apperceive him?”Ish. He’s a approved beyond the road. Thick as e, like, but as accountable to accord you a hidin’ as attending at you.’
There aren’t any examples on this ancillary of the pond until 2002, aback the New York Times quoted Jeremy Langmead—a Brit!—who had aloof been called editor of the “obsessively beautiful London-based annual Wallpaper”:
And so it is fair to ask: Does he accept a Wallpaper apartment?
Mr. Langmead, speaking by blast from London, hesitated. ‘Ish,’ he said, employing the all-emcing autograph for slight hedge. His East London home, then, is obsessive-ish.
Note that the Times seemed to accept aback again that the chat appropriate an explanation, apparently because it did. In fact, it was anon after, in 2003, that ish began to absolutely off. That’s the year it ancestor up for the aboriginal time on Urban Dictionary.
But ish isn’t universally accustomed yet. Merriam-Webster, Random House, and wver concordance Google is cartoon on accommodate alone the suffix version, and my spellcheck is still underlining it in red. Of course, alike aback a chat is a decade or two old, it can be apathetic to basis in the advertence books, some of which are awfully afraid to add what sounds like slang. But there’s no agnosticism that what may accept originated as a Britishism is now durably ancd in American English too. To not accommodate it in our dictionaries is to pretend that it’s not a word. Which agency that, with account to ish at least, we’re so aboriginal ’80s. Ish.
Suffix In Biology